ISRI Scrap Specifications Circular (updated)

64 SCRAP SPECIFICATIONS CIRCULAR 2022 Guidelines for Metals Transactions Copyright © 2022 Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. b. Container and chassis should be drop-weighed, if pos- sible, both empty and loaded. c. Prepare and send to Buyer a complete manifest and packing list indicating the order number, items shipped, number and type of packages of each commodity, as well as the gross, tare and net weights of each package and the seal numbers. d. If shipment is against a Letter of Credit, pay strict atten- tion to all terms. e. Place seals on all container doors and indicate seal num- bers on documentation. f. Material and packages should be properly stowed and braced to prevent movement during shipment. g. Be aware that someone at the delivery point will have to unload the shipment. Pay particular attention to door areas to assure that material is loaded safely. Proper care should be taken to insure that the material can be unloaded in a safe and expedient manner. Buyer’s Responsibility: a. Container and chassis should be drop-weighed, if pos- sible, both empty and loaded. b. Carefully check shipment advices and compare package count, seal numbers, weights. c. Prior to unloading, if a significant* weight difference is apparent, the Seller should be notified promptly and, if requested, another weight should be taken to determine if spillage or theft might have occurred. Seller should be given opportunity to appoint surveyor or representative to verify weights. d. After unloading, promptly advise Seller of any signifi- cant* differences between advised and actual weights, segregation, classification or quality. (Note: Refer to Part IV of the circular for recommended procedures in handling quality problems.) e. Container should be completely unloaded including any spilled material which should be picked up, weighed and identified as spilled from original containers. Buyer should cooperate in every way to help minimize losses. *For purposes of this section, the meaning of the word “sig- nificant” shall be determined by agreement between Buyer and Seller, depending on the commodities and their values. Part III: Transportation Guide The mode and type of conveyance should be specified in the contract. If it has not been, then it is important that Buyer and Seller agree upon the mode and type to be used. These guidelines will assist in determining the appropriate means of transportation to employ. A. Mode—Truck/Trailer 1. Type: a. Dump b. Removable sides c. Van—open or closed d. Dimensions of unit (20 ft., 40 ft., etc.) e. Determine if truck/trailer capacity meets minimum weight specified on contract. B. Mode—Rail Car 1. Type: a. Box car or gondola b. Size of door opening, i.e. single or double door c. Special type D.F., Hi-Cube, etc. d. Dimensions of car (40 ft., 50 ft., 60 ft., etc.) e. Determine if rail car capacity meets minimum weight specified on contract. C. Export Shipments 1. Container: a. Type of container, i.e. closed, open-top, flat rack, Hi-cube, etc. b. Size of container (20 ft., 35 ft., 40 ft., 45 ft., etc.) c. Determine if container capacity meets minimum weight specified on contract. 2. Breakbulk Part IV: Rejections—Downgrades—Claims A brief explanation of these items will help one understand and implement the procedures recommended in this sec- tion. Rejections: Rejections can occur when a Buyer refuses to accept a shipment of material that does not conform to the description specified in the contract. Usually in such cases, the Buyer cannot utilize the material and the Seller is asked to remove the material from the Buyer’s place of delivery. A rejection can occur prior to unloading, but often the cause of the problem cannot be determined until the material has been off loaded and graded. Any part, or all, of the shipment may be subject to rejection. Downgrades: Downgrades can occur when all, or part, of the material in a shipment is not in conformity with the descrip- tion specified in the contract. Often, in such cases, the Buyer can utilize the material and is willing to accept delivery of the material, subject to a price commensurate with its value. Claims: This term is used mostly in export-import move- ments, and is used generically to encompass both rejections and downgrades, as well as weight shortages. Strict adherence to contract terms can minimize the common causes of these difficulties. However, if a problem arises, it should be given prompt attention and settlement should be attempted as quickly as is practical. It is essential that both parties cooperate and keep communications open to mini- mize expenses and to preserve the relationship. Negotiations should not be conflicting but mutually beneficial and fair. Listed beloware some recommended steps to be taken when a problem arises. Domestic Shipments Buyer’s Responsibilities: a. In the event of a rejection Buyer must notify Seller immediately by telephone or telex. If Seller fails to